The general public transport in Vienna isn’t alone around the subway. There are driving busses, trams and also the overground train. You don’t have a perfect date for that first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It had been a really complicated system. The very first date within the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something which can be nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 and a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is only a matter of changing times.
1925 was the season, where the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified from the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places inside the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 plus the following several years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The third first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was termed as a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last however, not minimal, in 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently around the U4 line for 2 years.
I tend to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification took place some time later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 generally seems to me being acceptable to U1 Wien.
The Middle of the Century
After Wwii, the decission was taken in 1946 to come back two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project of the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it had been targeted at a city of three or four million inhabitants, as well as today isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public areas roads ended up being often solved in support of private transport: As with many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical such as other cities. The jobs with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. Over these years, there was also an unlucky politicization of the subway question, since the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO and the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed a Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion with the centrality from the inner city.
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