Vienna Underground – A brief History

The general public transport in Vienna is not alone about the subway. You will find driving busses, trams and also the overground train. You do not have a perfect date for your first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was a very complicated system. The first date in the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something which can be nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 and a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is just a matter of changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the season, where the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified through the city of Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places within the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 plus the subsequent many years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The next first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is termed as a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last however, not the least, in 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently around the U4 line for just two years.

1898
I tend to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification took place a while later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 appears to me being acceptable to Wien U Bahn Netz.

The center of the Century
After The second world war, it was decided in 1946 to return two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project from the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it had been aimed at an urban area of three to four million inhabitants, and even today just isn’t in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public areas roads was then often solved in support of private transport: As with many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical as with other cities. The jobs from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. Over these years, there was clearly also a regrettable politicization of the subway question, because the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO and the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed a Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion with the centrality with the inner city.
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