Vienna Underground – A brief History

The public transport in Vienna just isn’t alone on the subway. You can find driving busses, trams and also the overground train. You do not have a perfect date for your first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It had been a very complicated system. The very first date in the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system which can be nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 along with a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is just a a few changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the year, the location where the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified from the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places inside the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the following many years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The third first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was known as a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last but not the least, in 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been about the U4 line for two years.

1898
I tend to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification took place time later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 seems to me being acceptable to U Bahn Wien.

The center of the Century
After The second world war, it was decided in 1946 to come back two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project of the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it had been directed at a city of three to four million inhabitants, and also today just isn’t on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public roads ended up being often solved and only private transport: As in numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical as with other cities. The tasks of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. Over these years, there was clearly also an unlucky politicization of the subway question, since the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO and the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed that the Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion with the centrality with the inner city.
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