The general public transport in Vienna is not alone around the subway. You will find driving busses, trams and also the overground train. There isn’t an exact date for your first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It was a very complicated system. The initial date inside the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system which is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 plus a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is simply a matter of changing times.
1925 was the entire year, where the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified through the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places inside the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the next several years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The 3rd first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was called a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last although not minimal, in 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been around the U4 line for just two years.
I tend to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification happened some time later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 appears to me being acceptable to Wien U Bahn.
The center of a lifetime
After The second world war, it was decided in 1946 to return two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project from the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it absolutely was aimed at an urban area of three or four million inhabitants, and even today is not on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public roads ended up being often solved in favor of private transport: As in numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, but not as radical as with other cities. The duties with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. Over these years, there is also an unfortunate politicization of the subway question, because the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed that a Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion from the centrality from the inner city.
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