The public transport in Vienna isn’t alone about the subway. You will find driving busses, trams and also the overground train. You do not have a perfect date for your first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It had been a really complicated system. The initial date inside the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system which is nearly the same today. We speak from Line 4 plus a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is only a few changing times.
1925 was the year, in which the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified from the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places in the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 and in the following years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The next first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is called a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last but not the very least, in 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently around the U4 line for 2 years.
I am inclined to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification occurred time later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 generally seems to me to be acceptable to Tunnelbohrmaschine.
The midst of a lifetime
After World War II, the decission was taken in 1946 to come back two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project with the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it was targeted at a city of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and even today isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public areas roads was then often solved in support of private transport: As with many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical as with other cities. The jobs from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. Over these years, there was also a regrettable politicization from the subway question, as the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO and the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that the Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion with the centrality with the inner city.
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