The general public transport in Vienna isn’t alone around the subway. There are driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. You don’t have a precise date for the first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It had been an extremely complicated system. The initial date in the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method which can be nearly the same today. We speak from Line 4 along with a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is only a matter of changing times.
1925 was the season, the location where the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified through the town of Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places inside the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 plus the next years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The third first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is known as a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last but not the least, in the year 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been about the U4 line for 2 years.
I am inclined to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification happened some time later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 seems to me to be acceptable to Wien U Bahn Linien.
The midst of the Century
After The second world war, it was decided in 1946 to come back two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project from the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it absolutely was directed at an urban area of three to four million inhabitants, and even today is not on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public areas roads was then often solved and only private transport: Such as many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, but not as radical as in other cities. The duties with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. In these years, there was clearly also an unlucky politicization from the subway question, since the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed that the Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion of the centrality of the inner city.
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