The public transport in Vienna just isn’t alone around the subway. You will find driving busses, trams and the overground train. You do not have a perfect date for your first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It had been a very complicated system. The very first date within the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system that is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 along with a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is simply a matter of changing times.
1925 was the entire year, where the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified by the city of Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places in the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 and in the subsequent many years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The third first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is called a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last although not the very least, around 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been about the U4 line for just two years.
I tend to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification occurred time later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 generally seems to me being acceptable to Metro Wien.
The center of a lifetime
After Wwii, the decission was taken in 1946 to return two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project with the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it had been targeted at a town of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and even today isn’t in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public areas roads was then often solved in favor of private transport: Such as numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, but not as radical such as other cities. The duties from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. Over these years, there is also an unfortunate politicization from the subway question, because the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed a Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion with the centrality of the inner city.
More info about Vienna metro map see this useful web site: click to read more