The general public transport in Vienna isn’t alone about the subway. There are driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. You don’t have an exact date for the first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was a very complicated system. The very first date in the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system which is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 and a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is only a a few changing times.
1925 was the year, in which the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified from the city of Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places inside the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 and in the subsequent years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The 3rd first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is termed as a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last however, not the very least, in the year 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been on the U4 line for two years.
I am inclined to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification occurred some time later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 generally seems to me being acceptable to Wiener U-Bahn.
The midst of the Century
After Wwii, the decission was taken in 1946 to go back two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project of the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it absolutely was targeted at a town of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and also today just isn’t on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public areas roads ended up being often solved and only private transport: As in a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical such as other cities. The jobs of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. In these years, there is also an unlucky politicization with the subway question, since the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that a Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion with the centrality with the inner city.
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