Vienna Underground – A Short History

People transport in Vienna just isn’t alone about the subway. You will find driving busses, trams and also the overground train. There isn’t an exact date for your first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was an extremely complicated system. The initial date within the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method which is nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 along with a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is only a matter of changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the entire year, the location where the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified by the town of Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places in the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 plus the next years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The next first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was termed as a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last although not the very least, in 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been on the U4 line for two years.

1898
I tend to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification occurred some time later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 appears to me being acceptable to U Bahn Wien.

The center of the Century
After Wwii, it was decided in 1946 to come back two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project with the Siemens Building Union as a possible official subway network; it absolutely was directed at a town of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, as well as today just isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public areas roads ended up being often solved and only private transport: As in a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, but not as radical as in other cities. The duties of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. In these years, there is also a regrettable politicization from the subway question, as the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that the Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion from the centrality from the inner city.
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