Tablet press also referred to as tableting machine, pharmaceutical tablet press, tablet compressing machine, or tablet punching machine is a mechanical device that compresses powders into tablets of uniform size, shape, and weight containing approximately the identical amount of Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient (API) and excipients. Aside from its use in the pharmaceutical industries for manufacturing types of tablets, it can also be used to manufacture illicit drugs, cleaning products, and cosmetics.
All tablet press employs the identical guideline of compression. The basic unit of the tablet press is tooling comprising two punches as well as a die referred to as a station. The upper and lower punches bond in the die which contains the tablet formulation.
The roll-out of tablet press has been a continuous process. Previously, we now have hand-driven tablet press which was modernized to electrical driven tablet press.
Cause of continuous growth and development of tablet press:
Progression of newer technology in tablet production e.g. continuing development of direct compression technology.
Growth and development of stringent standard of cleanliness to conform together with the Current Good Manufacturing Process (CGMP).
The development of automation and continuous monitory of production processes.
Increased rate of production as a result of increased demand, multiplication of disease conditions, and exponential surge in population.
Types/Classification of Tablet Press
Tablet press in current use may be classified into:
Single punch/single station/eccentric presses.
There are numerous types of presses, manufactured by many companies, ranging in space, speed, and capacity.
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